Based on the Plan-Do-Check-Act cycle, ISO 14001 specifies the most important requirements to identify, control and monitor environmental aspects, and how to manage and improve the system as a whole.
Plan: This involves introducing and maintaining procedures to:
- Identify the environmental aspects of the organisation
- Identify and define the criteria for applying the legislation
- Define, implement and maintain the environmental objectives and targets and the relative environmental schemes
Do: This consists of actually implementing what is defined in the policy, the objectives/targets and environmental schemes
Check: The activities which are defined and implemented in the previous stages must undergo appropriate verification to demonstrate and monitor the efficacy and correct implementation of the management system.
Act: These are the measures taken to ultimately define and/or improve a process and are established following periodic revision by Management.